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Thursday 01 February 2001

Treatment of psychogenic polydipsia: comparison of risperidone and olanzapine, and the effects of an adjunctive angiotensin-II receptor blocking drug (irbesartan).

By: Kruse D, Pantelis C, Rudd R, Quek J, Herbert P, McKinley M.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2001 Feb;35(1):65-8

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the outcome of novel strategies in managing a case of severe polydipsia. CLINICAL PICTURE: The patient was a 39-year-old male with a 20-year history of paranoid schizophrenia who, despite only mild residual psychotic symptoms, had been hospitalized for the previous 10 years because of severe polydipsic behaviour complicated by water intoxication. TREATMENT: Novel antipsychotic agents, risperidone and olanzapine, as well as the specific angiotensin-II receptor blocking drug, irbesartan were employed at selected intervals in a study lasting nearly 3 years. A strict behavioural management programme was ongoing, in which diurnal weight change and the number of breaches of weight limits, requiring management in a low-stimulus environment, were documented on a daily basis. Summary measures of diurnal weight change and behavioural intervention were charted against changes in treatment. OUTCOME: Polydipsic behaviour improved on risperidone up to 4 mg daily, but was not sustained. Olanzapine was similarly successful in stabilizing polydipsia, and improvement was achieved with the addition of irbesartan. CONCLUSION: We suggest that the D2-sparing profiles of receptor binding achieved with low-dose risperidone and olanzapine may account for this beneficial effect. The benefit derived with irbesartan implicates the involvement of brain angiotensin systems centrally in helping to regulate drinking behaviour.

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