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Tuesday 01 October 2002

Fluvoxamine augmentation of olanzapine in chronic schizophrenia: pharmacokinetic interactions and clinical effects.

By: Hiemke C, Peled A, Jabarin M, Hadjez J, Weigmann H, Hartter S, Modai I, Ritsner M, Silver H.

J Clin Psychopharmacol 2002 Oct;22(5):502-6

Olanzapine is a substrate of the cytochrome P450 enzyme (CYP) 1A2. In this study, pharmacokinetic interactions and clinical effects of adding the CYP1A2 inhibitor fluvoxamine to steady-state olanzapine was examined in patients suffering from schizophrenia. Eight patients had been treated for at least 3 months with 10 to 20 mg/day olanzapine. Fluvoxamine (100 mg/day) was added (week 0) to the olanzapine treatment and continued for 8 weeks. Concentrations of olanzapine and its metabolite N-desmethylolanzapine and of fluvoxamine were analyzed at weeks 0, 1, 4, and 8. Addition of fluvoxamine resulted in a 12% to 112% ( < 0.01) increase of olanzapine from 31 +/- SD 15 ng/mL (week 0) to 56 +/- 31 ng/mL (week 8) in all patients. N-desmethylolanzapine concentrations were not significantly changed ( > 0.05). Fluvoxamine concentrations were 48 +/- 26 ng/mL on week 1 and 83 +/- 47 ng/mL on week 8. It is concluded that fluvoxamine affects olanzapine degradation and thus increases olanzapine concentrations. Although the combination was well tolerated in this sample and the negative symptom response appeared to be favorable in at least five patients, the combination therapy of olanzapine and fluvoxamine should be used cautiously and should be controlled by therapeutic drug monitoring to avoid olanzapine-induced side effects or intoxications.

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