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Monday 01 July 2002

Effect of a single-dose of olanzapine on sleep in healthy females and males.

By: Lindberg N, Virkkunen M, Tani P, Appelberg B, Virkkala J, Rimon R, Porkka-Heiskanen T.

Int Clin Psychopharmacol 2002 Jul;17(4):177-84

The effect of a single dose of 10 mg olanzapine on healthy volunteers of both sexes was examined using polysomnography and power spectral analysis. The structure and continuity of sleep were unaffected by olanzapine in both sexes. The increase in both actual sleep time and slow wave sleep in females correlated with the increase in theta power, while delta power was not significantly elevated, suggesting that theta power may be a sensitive indicator of changes in sleep. The changes in sleep had the same tendency in men, but they were not significant. The difference between the sexes could not be explained by differences in body mass index. Olanzapine affects sleep probably through 5-HT(2C) receptors. The receptor gene is located on the X-chromosome, inducing an allelic difference between the females and males. This difference may contribute to the different effects of olanzapine on sleep. Olanzapine seems to preserve the normal structure of sleep and increase the amount of slow-wave sleep, which might be of additional benefit in treatment of schizophrenia. The effective clinical dose may be lower for females than males.

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