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Saturday 01 December 2001

Olanzapine versus haloperidol in schizoaffective disorder, bipolar type.

By: Tohen M, Zhang F, Keck PE, Feldman PD, Risser RC, Tran PV, Breier A.

J Affect Disord 2001 Dec;67(1-3):133-40

BACKGROUND: The present analysis was performed on data from a subsample of patients with schizoaffective disorder, bipolar type, who participated in a multicenter, double-blind study comparing olanzapine to haloperidol. METHODS: Patients with schizoaffective disorder bipolar type, characterized as currently manic, mixed, depressed, or euthymic, were assessed weekly for 6 weeks during treatment with either olanzapine or haloperidol. Manic symptoms were measured using the sum of six items of the BPRS, and depressive symptoms were assessed using the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale. In addition, cognitive functioning was measured using the sum of seven items from the PANSS. Repeated measures analyses were performed using random coefficients regression of the serial measurement of manic, cognitive, and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: A significant treatment difference was detected overall, indicating that olanzapine was significantly more effective than haloperidol in reducing symptoms of depression and improving patients' cognitive symptoms. The superiority of olanzapine over haloperidol in the reduction of manic symptoms did not reach statistical significance (P=.052). The greatest improvement in both manic and cognitive symptoms was seen in the olanzapine-treated 'currently manic' subgroup, and least improvement in the haloperidol-treated 'euthymic' subgroup. Depressive symptoms were most improved in the olanzapine-treated 'depressed' subgroup, and least improved in the corresponding haloperidol subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, olanzapine was superior to haloperidol with respect to thymoleptic effects in patients with schizoaffective disorder, bipolar type.

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