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Tuesday 05 February 2002

Determination of olanzapine in human blood by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

By: Berna M, Ackermann B, Ruterbories K, Glass S.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2002 Feb 5;767(1):163-8

A liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS-MS) assay was developed and validated to quantitatively determine olanzapine (OLZ) concentrations in human blood. Liquid-liquid extraction, using n-butanol:cyclohexane (3:47, v/v), was used to isolate OLZ and its internal standard, LY170158, from the biological matrix. Chromatographic resolution of OLZ from endogenous interferences and known metabolites was accomplished with a MetaChem Monochrom HPLC column (4.6 x 150 mm, d(p) 5 microm). Detection occurred using a Perkin-Elmer Sciex API III Plus triple quadrupole mass spectrometer using positive ion APCI and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). The linear dynamic range was from 5 to 500 ng ml(-1) based on a 0.25-ml aliquot of human blood. The inter-day precision (%RSD) and accuracy (%RE) ranged from 3.65 to 10.64 and from -2.14 to 3.07, respectively. Modifications to an existing assay for the determination of OLZ in human plasma were necessary. A different structural analog was used as the internal standard due to instability observed for the original analog when using human blood as the matrix. A second modification was the addition of the anti-oxidant sodium ascorbate to inhibit degradation of OLZ in human blood, as has been noted by other investigators. Upon fortification of human blood with sodium ascorbate (final concentration, 0.33 mM), OLZ was found to be stable for at least 1 week at -70 degrees C as well as through two freeze-thaw cycles. This assay, which will be used to investigate the distribution of OLZ in human blood, grants insight into the proper sample handling conditions needed to perform valid determinations of OLZ in human blood.

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